Best Leukemia Treatment in Delhi

Leukemia is a cancer of blood cells. Leukemia happens when there is a problem with the production of blood cells. In leukemia, abnormal blood cells are produced in the bone marrow. Leukemia usually affects white blood cells (WBC) or leukocytes. White blood cells are responsible for fighting infection however abnormal WBCs do not function in the same way as normal WBC. In leukemia, abnormal white blood cells continually divide and grow which eventually crowd out normal blood cells. Because of this, it becomes difficult for the body to fight infection, transport oxygen, and control bleeding. There are different types of leukemia:

Acute leukemia: It develops rapidly, and a large number of leukemia cells accumulate very quickly in the blood and bone marrow. This kind of leukemia requires aggressive and fast treatment. Symptoms of acute leukemia are susceptibility to infections, easy bruising, tiredness, etc.
Chronic leukemia: It develops slowly, so initially it may not cause specific symptoms. But if it is left untreated, it grows and shows signs like acute leukemia.
Leukemia Treatment

What are the first signs of leukemia?

Leukemia is cancer in the blood-forming tissues of the body. It can even be found in the bone marrow or the lymphatic system. It often involves white blood cells. In the bone marrow, it produces abnormal white blood cells which do not function properly and can be dangerous to the body.

Leukemia does not produce any apparent symptoms at an early stage. Sometimes these symptoms are those of common illness. One of the symptoms is anemia. Anemia occurs when there is a shortage of red blood cells in the body. What usually is a sign of leukemia, especially if you have pale skin or headaches because of it. Patients with leukemia also tend to be prone to get infections very fast, and this is mostly because of the high level of white blood cells present in the body. Other symptoms include bone or joint pain. Even your body swells because various parts of your body are affected by it. Another sign of leukemia is a sudden loss of appetite, which causes damage. There is also a tendency to bruise or bleed easily, including bleeding from the gums or nose, or blood in the stool or urine.

Sign & Symptoms

Sign and symptoms of leukemia depend on its type. Some of the most common symptoms of leukemia are:
• Fever
• Persistence fatigue
• Frequent and severe infection
• Joint pain
• Unexplained weight loss
• Heavy sweating especially in the night
• Swollen lymph nodes, usually painless
• Red spots on the skin
• Abdominal pain or swelling because of enlargement of the liver or spleen
• Easy bleeding or bruising or recurring nosebleed
If leukemia cells enter the brain, the symptoms can be a headache, confusion, seizures, loss of muscle control, and vomiting.
These symptoms are similar to flu or viral infection, so it is hard to identify leukemia at the initial stage. If you have any sign and symptoms, then do not ignore and seek the Best Leukemia Treatment in Delhi.

Causes

The exact cause of leukemia is not known. It is said that it develops from a combination of genetic and environmental factors. When mutation happens in the DNA of immature blood cells especially white blood cells or the DNA gets damaged it cause the blood cells to grow and divide continuously. These abnormal cells grow at a rapid pace. Healthy blood cells died after a while and replaced by new cells while leukemia cells do not die. Over time, leukemia cells crowd the healthy blood cells in the bone marrow. Because of this, there are fewer healthy white blood cells, red blood cells, and platelets in the blood. At this point sign and symptoms of leukemia start to appear.
Causes of mutation in the DNA are not clear. One type of variation which is common in leukemia is chromosome translation. Most leukemia cases are not believed to be hereditary. But specific genetic mutations can pass on which increase the chances of developing leukemia. It has also been found that using certain hair dyes increases risks of some cancer of the blood and bone marrow, like leukemia and non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL)

Risk Factors

Some factors which increase the risk of developing leukemia are:
• Hair dyes
• Smoking
• Artificial ionizing radiations
• HIV and human T-lymphotropic virus
• Exposure to electromagnetic energy
• Benzene and some other petrochemical
• Alkylating chemotherapy which is used to treat a previous cancer
• Genetic disorders: People with genetic abnormalities such as Down syndrome have a higher risk of specific chromosomal changes
• Exposure to radiation

Diagnosis and Treatment

Some of the exam which can help in the diagnosis of leukemia are:
Physical examination: Your doctor tries to identify physical signs of leukemia such as lymph node swelling, anemia, and enlargement of liver and spleen.
Blood test: With blood tests, abnormal levels of red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets can be identified which may suggest Leukemia.
Bone marrow test: A sample of bone marrow from hip bone is collected with the help of a thin and long needle. This sample is tested to find leukemia cells. The test also reveals specific characteristics which are used to determine treatment options.
Other tests: Chest X-ray, MRI, and CT scan are also used to determine the extent of disease.

Treatment options

Leukemia Treatment depends on various factors including the age and overall health of the patient, type of leukemia, and whether it has spread in other parts of the body or not. Some standard options for leukemia treatment are:
Chemotherapy: It is one of the most common treatments for leukemia. In chemotherapy, a single drug or a combination of drugs is used to kill leukemia cells. The drugs can be in pill form or directly injected into the vein.
Radiation therapy: X-rays or other high energy beams are used to damage leukemia cells and stop their growth. The patient can receive radiation therapy in a specific area where there is a collection of leukemia cells or over the whole body. Radiation therapy is also used to prepare for stem cell transplant.
Stem cell transplant: In this procedure, diseased bone marrow is replaced with healthy bone marrow. Stem cell transplant is similar to bone marrow transplant.
Biological therapy: The treatment helps the immune system to identify and attack leukemia cells.
Targeted therapy: Drugs are used to attack specific vulnerabilities within the cancer cells.
If you are affected by any kinds of leukemia, then you have to visit the most effective leukemia treatment in Delhi.