Get the Best Lymphoma Treatment in Delhi

Lymphoma is one of the most common types of blood cancer which begins in cells of the lymph system. Lymphoma affects lymphocytes. Lymphocytes are a type of white blood cells which travel through the blood and lymphatic system to defend the body against foreign substances such as bacteria and viruses. In lymphoma, the growth of lymphocytes is out of control, they replicate faster than normal lymphocytes and live longer as they travel in the whole body through the blood and lymphatic system so lymphoma can spread in many parts of the body including spleen, bone marrow, lymph nodes, and other organs.

Two main types of lymphoma are:
Hodgkin lymphoma (HL): There are five types of Hodgkin Lymphoma.
Non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL): There are over 90 types of NHL.
Lymphoma is very much curable, but the outlook depends on the stage of lymphoma and its type.
Lymphoma Treatment

Sign & Symptoms

Symptoms depend on the type of lymphoma and which part of the body it is affecting. Specific symptoms of lymphoma are similar to other diseases. Often people visit the doctor because they think they have a cold, cough, flu, or some other respiratory problems which are not going away. When lymphoma affects the lungs, the patient might have a cough or shortness of breath. Some of the most common symptoms of lymphoma are:
• Fever
• Cough
• Shortness of breath
• Fatigue
• Unexplained weight loss
• Sweating especially in the night
• Itching
• Swollen lymph nodes often in neck or armpit which may or may not be painless
Sign and symptoms of lymphoma are similar to other diseases. If you have persistent symptoms, see your doctors to find out the exact cause. Lymphoma can spread at a rapid pace from lymph nodes to other parts of the body so timely diagnosis and treatment are important. Let us have a look at what causes lymphoma and the best lymphoma treatment in Delhi.

Causes of lymphoma

Cancer is uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells which thrive and spread instead of dying as cancer cells are in the life cycle of normal cells. The exact cause of lymphoma is still unknown, but you might have higher chances of having lymphoma if:
Your age is above 60 years for non-Hodgkin lymphoma
• You are between 15 and 40 or older than 55 for Hodgkin lymphoma
• You have a weak immune system because of organ transplant, HIV/AIDS, or because of any other illness, or you are born with a nervous, immune system
• You have some immune system disease such as celiac, rheumatoid arthritis, and lupus
• You have been infected with a virus such as hepatitis C, Epstein-Barr, or Human T-cell
• Your close relative had lymphoma
• You were treated for Hodgkin or non-Hodgkin lymphoma in past
• You have radiation therapy for cancer
• You were exposed to benzene or chemicals which kill weeds and bugs
The causes of lymphoma are not clear, but it begins when lymphocytes develop a genetic mutation. Because of variation these cells multiply rapidly and do not die. When there are too many diseased lymphocytes in lymph nodes, they cause swelling in lymph nodes.

Does lymphoma spread quickly?

Lymphoma spreads quickly because, in this disease, cancer cells form in the lymph. There are two major types of Lymphoma: Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma and Hodgkin Lymphoma. Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma can be aggressive. Factors such as gender, age, and a weak immune system can increase the risk of adult non-Hodgkin Lymphoma. In adults, the immune system, which is responsible for protecting your body against such diseases, weakens with age. However, unlike Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma, Hodgkin Lymphoma can occur in both adults and children.

It occurs when the immune system produces too many of the cells called lymphocytes, which generally guard the body against viruses and bacteria. These cells multiply in the course of an infection, leading to swollen lymph nodes, such as in mumps or mono, but after the infection has subsided, the cells die off, and the lymph nodes return to standard size. When these lymphocytes become malignant, they multiply continuously, and lymph nodes become larger and larger even in the absence of an infection.

Hodgkin Lymphoma usually spreads via the lymph vessels from lymph node to node. Sometimes, late in the disease, (and very rarely), it can affect the bloodstream thus, spreading to other parts, including the lungs, and the bone marrow — these cells then spread quickly from their original location to other tissues and organs.

Diagnosis and Treatment

Before moving to tests, your doctor will do a physical examination. The physical examination also includes examining swollen lymph nodes. If you have swollen lymph nodes; it does not mean that you have lymphoma. Most of the time swelling is not related to cancer, and it can be because of certain infections.

Lymph node biopsy: Lymph node biopsy can be done to check the cancer cells. For the test, your doctor may remove all or a part of the lymph node or can take a small amount of tissue from the affected node.
Blood test: Blood test can be done to count the number of cells in your blood.
Bone marrow testing: A sample of bone marrow is collected from your hip bone with the help of a needle. The sample is analyzed to find out lymphoma cells.
Other tests: Chest X-ray, MRI, CT, and positron emission tomography (PET) can also be done to identify cancer.
These are numerous types of lymphoma exists which are challenging to find out by an inexperienced pathologist. Accurate and early diagnosis is the key to developing a lymphoma treatment plan. According to researches, review of biopsy tests by inexperienced pathologists results in a significant proportion of misdiagnoses. So it is recommended to get a second opinion from a specialist.

Treatment option available

The lymphoma treatment depends on its type and stage, your overall health and preference. The goal of the treatment is to destroy as many as possible cancer cells to bring the disease into remission. Some of the lymphoma treatments are:
Chemotherapy: Some drugs are used to destroy fast-growing cancer cells. These drugs usually administered through veins or sometimes can be taken orally.
Radiation therapy: High powered beams of energy like X-ray and protons are used to kill cancer cells.
Bone marrow transplant: A high dose of chemotherapy and radiation is used to suppress the bone marrow, and then healthy bone marrow cells of the patient or donor are infused into the blood to build a healthy bone marrow.
Lymphoma treatment is planned individually which has the best chance of success with the least damage to the long term health of the patient. If you are suffering from any types of lymphoma, then you have to visit the best lymphoma treatment in Delhi.